When it comes to the best braking system for several vehicles, most people go for the latest and most advanced systems. But, there are still many vehicles that rely on two types of brakes: drum brakes and disc brakes. So, how is their working principle? | Which one is better? | What are their features? Let’s take a look:
Drum Brake vs Disc Brake – Where is the Working Principle?
When you press your vehicle’s brake, it will work in a system of a lever or linkages to make your wheels stop moving. This is called a braking system. It comes under the broader category of a stopping system. In both drum brakes vs disc brakes, you will find that the working principle is similar to each other.
Drum Brakes vs Disc Brakes – Which one is better?
A drum brake or a disc brake is used in vehicles to ensure a safe drive. It uses friction to slow down the car/bike. These two brakes are different in many ways and serve different purposes in the automobile industry.
So, let’s get into the details of what are they and why they are used.
Drum Brakes vs Disc Brakes – What are their features?
Drum brakes are a relatively slow braking mechanism. The disc brake, on the other hand, is a lightning-fast braking device. It’s slower heat dissipation in the case of a drum braking system. However, heat dissipation is faster in disc brakes.
What is a drum brake?
A drum brake is used on the rear wheel of the bike and is located inside the drum which is attached to the wheel. When you step on your brakes, the brake shoes inside it rub against the inner surface of the drum and slow down your bike instantly. The friction created by this braking system is almost 90% efficient and as a result, it doesn’t create much heat. So, it is best for use in cold climates where there is snow and rain.
But this system has some obvious problems as well like It creates a lot of noise when used which can be quite irritating to others when used in public places like streets or roads. It doesn’t work efficiently at high speed. When used at high speeds, it creates so much heat that it starts melting the drum and makes your ride a lot worse than without brakes.
what is a disc brake?
Brake Disc Materials Brakes use friction to slow or stop a moving object, such as a vehicle, which requires resistance to motion. The materials used in brakes vary depending on the type of brake, but most brakes require the same general components: a method of applying pressure, a way to dissipate heat, and a way to cool down.
A disc brake system consists of three main components: a rotor, calipers, and brake pads. The rotor is a round metal disc that connects directly to the wheel; it spins along with the wheel. The calipers are mounted inside the hubs of each wheel, within the sandwich of the rotor. These calipers use pistons to push brake pads against the spinning rotor and slow down the car.
To improve braking efficiency there is an option for larger rotors and calipers along with more effective pads to keep from overheating when pushing higher g-forces on the brakes. Brake fluid is used to transfer the pressure from the pedal to the calipers. An additional method of utilizing heat is through the brake discs themselves; they absorb heat energy that transfers into their outer layers and dissipates through thermal conductivity into the surrounding air.
I was reading and surfing the Internet last evening when I came across an article. In that article, I saw a discussion about Drum Brakes vs Disc Brakes. The discussion was quite confusing because the different authors had their own opinions about the two braking systems. And all the opinions were different.